What Is the Hip?
The hip is a ball-and-socket joint, where the head of the femur (thigh bone) fits into the socket of the hip bone, called the acetabulum. Both are covered and protected by articular cartilage to allow the bones to glide while moving. The labrum is a fibrocartilage that is attached to the acetabulum to create a tight seal and provide stability to the hip joint.
Hip Dislocation Causes and Risk Factors
When the hip becomes dislocated, it is usually caused by a great force that pushed the femur out of socket either forward or backward. Hip dislocation is usually the result of a car accident or a fall from a significant height. High-energy impact sports such as football, gymnastics, skiing/snowboarding or basketball can also result in this type of athletic injury. Other injuries such as broken pelvis, bones, back, knees plus injuries to the abdomen and head can occur in conjunction with this injury. The elderly are at risk for this type of injury as they become more fragile and less able to prevent falls.
Symptoms of a Hip Dislocation
A hip dislocation is a serious and extremely painful injury. The symptoms of a hip dislocation are:
- Extreme hip pain
- Possible numbness in the foot or ankle
- No ability to move the leg
- Obvious swelling where the bone has shifted out of the socket
When Surgery Is Necessary
It is necessary to see an orthopedic surgeon right away since blood vessels can be torn, cutting off blood supply to the bones causing them to die. The doctor will attempt to manipulate the ball back into the socket, while the patient is under anesthesia. Surgery will be necessary to remove any loose tissues or bony fragments and to ensure the bones are positioned properly.
With hip dislocations, it is imperative to see a doctor right away. Dr. Terry Madsen is a highly experienced sports medicine doctor, with extensive knowledge with hip dislocation surgery. Call our offices today with any concerns regarding your hip injury.